Tag Archives: Evans

Spiral Model of Musical Decision Making

bach800px-VI_allemande_1This post is based on, “A spiral model of musical decision-making,” written by Daniel Bangert, Emery Schubert and Dorottya Fabian that appeared in Frontiers of Psychology on April 22, 2014. Although based on thin research, my intuition likes it, and it would seem to have applicability beyond music. It splices together ideas of Ken Hammond (post Cognitive Continuum), Jonathan Evans (post Dual Process Theories of Cognition), and Amy Baylor (post U-Shaped Intuition).

Research has shed light on how both intuition and deliberation are used by musicians. Bangert et. al. refer to Hallam who interviewed twenty-two performers about their practice habits and found differences between those who were “intuitive/serialists” who allowed their interpretation to evolve unconsciously versus “analytic/holists.” who relied on deliberate, conscious analysis of the piece. Other research has shown that while performing, musicians pay deliberate attention to certain specific musical aspects (performance cues) and also have spontaneous performance thoughts.

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Dual Process Theories of Cognition

ThingOneThingTwoThis is the next step in my continuing trip to look at what a  dual process theory means and whether or not is a useful distinction.  This post looks at the 2013 paper that appeared in Perspectives on Psychological Science “Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition: Advancing the Debate,” written by Jonathan Evans and Keith Stanovich. Their paper divides up their ideas somewhat, but for simplicity, I am pretending they speak in unison. From what I can tell, these are the current dual process review of the literature guys.

Evans and Stanovich want to show that there is a clear empirical basis for a dual-process distinction in decision making. They call these Type 1 and Type 2 processes, corresponding roughly to the  distinction between intuition and what they call  “reflection” and others call deliberation and what I call analysis. Attributes commonly claimed for the two types of processing are listed in the top part of Table 1.

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